Here's our opinion:
The Grammar-Translation Approach. Commonly used in schools. Most students never learn to speak with this method,
but instead develop a mental block against the language.
No, but the teacher should sometimes use some of the features of this method
by explaining grammar and giving homework for practice..
The Direct Approach. Common at some language schools.
Similar to total immersion, or being in the country where they speak the language.
Effective, but sometimes the student needs to have grammar explained.
Long-term retention leaves something to be desired, so the teacher must review frequently.
The Reading Approach. If the student just wants to learn how to read.
The Audiolingual Method. Effective, but the student may learn quickly and forget quickly, unless you review frequently.
Community Language Learning. Not a method of teaching languages.
The Silent Way. Not to be taken seriously.
Functional-notional Approach. It certainly satisfies the idea that language should be taught in a meaningful context.
Many elements of this approach should be included in all your teaching.
Total Physical Response. Language is learned by connecting words to actions.
Yes. This should be a part of each teacher's toolbox.
Communicative Approach You learn to speak and express yourself. Most of the language learning books being produced today use the communicative approach. You jump right into the language, without any grammar.
You will pick up grammar along the way. Sometimes some grammar is explained. The important thing is to "communicate" and get others to understand what you are saying. You may learn many things incorrectly, but you are "communicating."
OK, as long as it is not the only method used.
You will be understood, but not taken seriously. In some countries, you will find that your attempts at communication are not successful.
This current fad must be supplemented with other methods for your teaching to be effective.